Conectores en inglés
Conectores en inglés, esas palabras que se utilizan para enlazar ideas, unir oraciones, empezar párrafos y en definitiva, darle cohesión a nuestro discurso, ya sea escrito o hablado. Es cierto que esos conectores varían dependiendo del registro, formal o informal, que siempre hay que tener en cuenta. Por poneros un ejemplo, but es un conector informal que se usa mucho en situaciones comunicativas informales. En cambio, however es más formal. Hoy quiero que veamos however, yet, nevertheless y but, como un mismo grupo, y como segundo grupo, also. ¡Vamos allá!
1) YET = HOWEVER = NEVERTHELESS = BUT
La palabra yet no siempre significa todavía, aún o ya, sino que en ocasiones se traduce por sin embargo/pero.
– I like the house, yet it could be better = me gusta la casa, pero podría ser mejor.
– I told him not to tell his father, yet he told him. Now his father is furious = le dije que no se lo dijera a su padre, pero/sin embargo, se lo dijo.
– He didn’t have any experience. Yet he got the job.
Como veis, se coloca a principio de oración, delante del sujeto.
A synonym of yet is however, nevertheless and but. Nevertheless is quite formal, so if you are writing a formal email, or any other type of writing, you can use it. However is also more formal than but.
– I believe he’s the person who stole my granny her bag. However, I’m not 100% sure.
– She skipped her lessons at university. Nevertheless, she passed all her exams.
Notice that you must write a comma after howevery and nevertheless.
Do you know how to use the adverb “also”? Students have problems with it because they don’t know where to place it in the sentence.
Let’s see the rule:
- Before the main verb. Example: I like pasta. My sister also likes it. Common mistake:
My sister likes it also.
- After verb to be. Example: I’m a student, I study history. My best friend is also a student, but he studies German.
My best friend also is a student.
- After modal verbs. Example: I can dance very well. I can also sing quite well.
- In the middle, when a verb has two parts (present/past perfect, will + infinitive, would + infinitive, etc). Example: My brother has bought a present for mum. I have also bought one.
EXERCISE Write “also” in the second sentence.
- I like studying English. I like studying French.
- I am 34 years old. My friend is 34 years old.
- My house is very big. It’s quite expensive.
- My father loves sports cars. My brother likes them.
- I went to the beach last weekend. Peter went to the beach.
- I can speak English fluently. I can speak German.
- John plays the piano. He plays the guitar.
- I’ve been to New York twice. I’ve been to San Francisco.
- I also like studying French = before main verb (like)
- My friend is also 34 = after to be
- It’s also quite expensive = after to be
- My brother also likes them = before main verb (like)
- Peter also went to the beach = before main verb (went)
- I can also speak German.
- He also plays the guitar.
- I’ve also been to San Francisco.