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Inversión en oraciones condicionales en inglés

Inversión en oraciones condicionales en inglés

Esta gramática es bastante avanzada. Se trata de hacer inversiones con oraciones condicionales en inglés y se utilizan especialmente en lenguaje escrito y formal. Si sois estudiantes de inglés, os puede ser útil para superar exámenes de writing, para cartas o emails formales. Si, por el contrario, necesitáis el inglés para vuestro trabajo, estas inversiones os pueden venir bien para escribir emails comerciales, en business, escritos a clientes, etc.

Conditional sentences with inversion are more formal than those that follow the usual word order.

1) In real conditionals inversion is found with the modal verb should, but it is only used in formal language.

Look at the following examples:

If you need more information, call our office in Green Street.

If you should require any further information, please contact us at our office in Green Street. (formal)

Should you require any further information, please contact us at our office in Green Street. (more formal than the previous example)

2) In unreal conditionals it is common to find inversions in formal language.

Were the negotiations to fall through, it would bring about unforeseen problems. (If the negotiations were to fall through,…)

Were she not my daughter, I’d have no hesitation in phoning the police.

Had I known about Mr Smith’s behaviour sooner , I would have fired him immediately. (If I had known about Mr Smith’s behaviour sooner,…)

In negative clauses with inversion, we don’t use contracted forms:

Had the people not been informed, the situation would have been much worse.

Had it not rained last Saturday, we would’ve celebrated Tom’s birthday with a barbecue in the garden.

 

Had you not refused my invitation, you would’ve had the best holiday ever.

 

EXERCISE

1. (the books/be) ___________________ cheaper, I would have bought them all.
2. (the Prime Minister/fail)  ___________________ to get the necessary support, he would be forced to call a snap election.
3. (the evidence/not be destroyed)  ___________________, the accused would have been found guilty.
4. (you/need)  ___________________ any further assistance, do not hesitate to contact us.
5. (the ship/ not capsize)  ___________________, there would have been more survivors.
6. (I/win)  ___________________ the prize, I wouldn’t spend it on things I don’t need.
7. (the storm/be)  ___________________ at night, the rescue team wouldn’t have found the lost boy scouts.
8. (he/decide)  ___________________to come, please let me know as soon as possible.
9. (I/ be offered)  ___________________ the job, I would have to think about it.
10. (you/have)  ___________________ any further questions, please ask to see the manager.

 

KEYS

 

1. (the books/be) Had the books been cheaper, I would have bought them all.
2. (the Prime Minister/fail) Were the Prime Minister to fail to get the necessary support, he would be forced to call a snap election.
3. (the evidence/not be destroyed) Had the evidence not been destroyed, the accused would have been found guilty.
4. (you/need) Should you need any further assistance, do not hesitate to contact us.
5. (the ship/ not capsize) Had the ship not capsized, there would have been more survivors.
6. (I/win)Were I to win the prize, I wouldn’t spend it on things I don’t need.
7. (the storm/be) Had the storm been at night, the rescue team wouldn’t have found the lost boy scouts.
8. (he/decide) Should he decide to come, please let me know as soon as possible.
9. (I/ be offered) Were I to be offered the job, I would have to think about it.
10. (you/have) Should you have any further questions, please ask to see the manager.

 



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